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Graphics card?


A graphics card in reference to computing, is a hardware component in computers used to generate the images we see on a monitor or screen.

A video card, video adapter, graphics accelerator card, display adapter, or graphics card is an expansion card whose function is to generate output images to a display. Most video cards offer added functions, such as accelerated rendering of 3Dscenes and 2D graphics, video capture, TV-tuner adapter, MPEG-2/MPEG-4 decoding, FireWire, light pen, TV output, or the ability to connect multiple monitors (multi-monitor). Other modern high performance video cards are used for more graphically demanding purposes, such as PC games.

A graphics card – is a piece of hardware that’s plugged into the motherboard of a computer. It often has its own built-in memory, to ease the workload on the computer’s RAM. A Graphics Card Is the display device on your computer it is used to convert computer signals into an image on your monitor.

Nvidia Corporation most commonly referred to as Nvidia, stylized as NVIDIA, or (due to their logo) nVIDIA) is an American technology company incorporated in Delaware and based in Santa Clara, California . It designs graphics processing units (GPUs) for the gaming and professional markets, as well as system on a chip units (SoCs) for the mobile computing and automotive market. Its primary GPU product line, labeled “GeForce”, is in direct competition with Advanced Micro Devices’ (AMD) “Read on” product.

NVIDIA GeForce GTX Cards

GeForce 256 (1999)
GeForce2 Ti (2000)
GeForce3 (2001)
GeForce4 Ti (2002)
GeForce FX5950 Ultra (2003)
GeForce 6800 Ultra (2004)
GeForce 7800 GTX (2005)
GeForce 8800 GTX (2006)
GeForce GTX 280 (2008)
GeForce GTX 480 (2010)
GeForce GTX 680 (2012)
GeForce GTX 780 Ti (2013)
GeForce GTX 980 Ti (2015)
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (2017)

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FUNDAMENTALS

Texture Units:- A texture mapping unit (TMU) is a component in modern graphics processing units(GPUs). Historically it was a separate physical processor. A TMU is able to rotate, resize, and distort a bitmap image (performing texture sampling), to be placed onto an arbitrary plane of a given 3D model as a texture. This process is called texture mapping. In modern graphics cards it is implemented as a discrete stage in a graphics pipeline, whereas when first introduced it was implemented as a separate processor.


Shader’s:- In computer graphics, a shader is a type of computer program that was originally used for shading (the production of appropriate levels of light, darkness, and color within an image) but which now performs a variety of specialized functions in various fields of computer graphics special effects or does video post-processing unrelated to shading, or even functions unrelated to graphics at all.


DirectX:- Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces (APIs) for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms.


Video Ram:- Video RAM, or VRAM, is a dual-ported variant of dynamic RAM (DRAM), which was once commonly used to store the framebuffer in graphics adapters. VRAM has two sets of data output pins, and thus two ports that can be used simultaneously

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